How to Convert a URL to IP Address
There are various reasons for wanting to convert a URL to an IP address. This is actually a pretty simple process and there are various ways to perform the conversion. In this post, we'll go over everything you need to know about the methods available to convert a URL to an IP address as well as explain reasons for converting them and more.
What is a URL?
A URL, also known as a Uniform Resource Locator, is used to provide humans with an easy to remember website name that can be quickly entered into a web browser. The terms URL and URI are often used interchangeably however certain differences exist between both. Learn more about the differences between URI vs URL.
As for how a URL works, the magic lies within what's called a DNS or Domain Name System. All URLs are associated to a particular IP and a DNS is the mechanism that looks up theURL and associates it to its corresponding IP address.
What is an IP?
An IP address, or Internet Protocol address, is a unique identifier given to every machine that connects to the internet. It allows us to easily distinguish between server A and server B. As more and more devices are able to connect to the Internet, the number of available IP addresses decreases. This is the primary reason why IPv6 was introduced.
In the case of websites, think of an IP as the one true identifier for that domain name and the URL as the nickname. Typical IPv4 addresses resemble the following:
192.x.x.x while IPv6 addresses look similar to:
Reasons to convert a URL to IP
There can be a few reasons why you may want to convert a URL to an IP address.
- If a website's DNS system is down then you may still be able to access it via its IP address. This occurred during Twitter's large outage back in 2016.
- A particular system may only accept IP addresses instead of a FQDN, therefore you need to convert your URL to IP.
- You want to find out more information about the URL including who owns it, where it resides, or simply check if the domain record is correct.
Ways to convert a URL to IP
There are many ways to convert a URL to an IP address. Certain ways you may find more convenient than others however the following outlines three methods you can use to find the IP address of a URL.
- Use a tool - KeyCDN provides a tool called IP Location Finder that you can use to easily find the IP address, location, and hosting provider of a particular hostname. Simply enter the hostname into the search field and click Lookup.
- Run a dig - In your command line interface, run a dig for the hostname you would like to lookup. To do this, simply run the following command:
dig yourwebsite.comand look at the answer section which displays the A record.
- Browser DevTools - Lastly, you can also use your browser's developer tools, like Google Chrome's DevTools, to find the IP address of a particular domain. To do this in Chrome, simply open up the DevTools, navigate to the Network tab and select the site's HTML doc. You should then see under Headers > General > Remote Address the IP address associated with that URL.
If you need to quickly convert a URL to an IP address consider using one of the 3 methods mentioned above. There are of course other ways to find an IP address, however, each of the methods above are simple to use and provide fast results. If you require more information about a particular domain, consider using the first option (the IP Location Finder). It not only supports both IPv4 and IPv6 lookups but also offers a JSON API.